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Main heading: The Music of Gustav Mahler: A Catalogue of Manuscript and Printed Sources [rule] Paul Banks

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Symphony No. 2 – Printed Editions

 

 PRINTED FULL SCORES
PF1 FIRST EDITION – Leipzig: Friedrich Hofmeister, [1897]
   

Title Page: [See facsimile. Black on white:] Symphonie / in C-moll / No.2. / Für grosses Orchester, Chor und Soli / von / Gustav Mahler. / [rule] / Partitur (zum Privatgebrauch) netto M36,–. / Clavierauszug für 2 Claviere zu 4 Händen netto M6,–. / (zur Ausführung sind 2 Exemplare erforderlich) / Einzeln: Theil IV Urlicht für Altsolo mit Clavierbegl. netto M1,–. / [rule] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. Eigenthum des Componisten. / Commissionsverlag / von / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER, LEIPZIG. / Copyright 1897 by Friedrich Hofmeister. / Lith.Anst. v. C.G. Röder, Leipzig.

    

Wrapper: [see facsimile of front wrapper; back wrapper is blank]

    Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=Besetzung des Orchesters etc; 3–56=I; 57–79=II; 80–127=III; 128–133=IV; 134–209=V; [210]=blank.
    

Dimensions: 323 ´ 26 (r = 248)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: ii.1897

    

Edition number: none    Plate number: 1

    Copies: A-Wst M 50346; GB-Lbl h.3965.(2) (acquisition date: 18 February 1905); GB-Lpc; US-NYfuld
    

This edition was published on commission and distributed initially by Hofmeister, with the rights remaining with the composer as the title page and front wrapper explicitly state. At the top of p. 2 there is a note:

Die Erlaubniss zu öffentlichen Aufführungen wird nur durch Vermittlung des Verlages von der Componisten ertheilt, von welchem auch das Stimmenmaterial zu beziehen ist. Der Preis für öffentliche Aufführungen unterliegt besonderer Vereinbarung.

Permission for public performances is obtainable from the composer – from whom the performing material is also available – only through the agency of the publisher. The fee for public performances is subject to special agreement.

It therefore seems likely that the only performing material available was the manuscript set prepared for the first performance ([CO] and [CCh]).

The publication of this score was set in motion by Mahler's confident, Nathalie Bauer-Lechner who visited Hamburg in April 1896 and while there persuaded the local industrialist, Wilhelm Berkhan to contribute the bulk of the printing costs and to find another donor to make up the difference (it was probably Hermann Behn: see NBL2, 76–7; NBLE, 76–7; Bauer-Lechner implies that this visit took place in September–October, but given the eventual publication date it must have been during her stay in Hamburg earlier in the year). On 21 June Mahler was complaining to Hermann Behn about the proof-reader's estimated charges (GMUB, 27; GMUBE, 29 [revised translation and commentary]) but eventually, on 17 February 1897 Mahler could announce in a letter to Max Marschalk that the score was 'published at long last' (GMB, 209; GMSL, 211). The size of the print run is unknown, but given the non-commercial nature of the venture and the fact that there is no evidence of any made-up copies being transferred to, and sold by Weinberger in 1898–9, it may have been very small.

Although the paper – like all those in the published editions of Mahler's music – is machine-made, it is watermarked. There is only one mark, which normally appears at the foot of the page:

 

CGR Graphic: star shape  4

 

These initials suggest was manufactured especially for Röder though such an arrangement is not mentioned in the otherwise illuminating summary of the firm's working practices in the 1890s (FCGR, 9–16). As the paper was supplied in large rolls and cut for printing the horizontal placement of  the mark on the sheets varies.

     
CPF1  PRINTED FULL SCORE WITH MANUSCRIPT REVISIONS
    US-Wc ML 31.H43e No.50.

Ex.coll. Bruno Walter. A pencil note on the foot of p. 1 records 'Die Korrekturen sind authentisch'. These are non-autograph revisions (which generally approximate to those in the study score (PS)).

     
PF1a  FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE – Vienna: [Eberle]/Josef Weinberger, [1899]
    

Title page: [See facsimile; brown text with brown decorative border:] SYMPHONIE / IN / C MOLL No 2 / von / Gustav Mahler / [left:] Partitur...Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 36.- over Fl. 21.- netto / Orchester-Stimmen Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.45.- over Fl. 27.- netto // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4 ms. / arrangirt v. Bruno Walter Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.8.-Pf. over Fl. 4.80kr. netto. // Clavierauszug für 2 Claviere zu 4 Händen v. Hermann Behn Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 6.-Pf. over Fl. 3.60kr. netto / (zur Ausführung sind 2 Exemplare erforderlich.) / Einzeln: Theil IV: Urlicht für Altsolo mit Clavierbegleitung Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 1.-Pf. over Fl. -.80kr. netto / [rule] / 2083 / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements / JOSEPH WEINBERGER. / WIEN / Kohlmarkt 8 / [rule] / [left:] Leipzig / Querstrasse No.13 / [rule] // [right:] Paris / 40 Boulevard Haussmann / [rule] // Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien VII.

    

Wrapper: [see facsimile: other colours were used for wrappers: dark brown on light brown (A-Wigmg N/II/116), dark brown on grey (A-Wigmg N/II/117); back wrapper is blank in all copies seen]

    

Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=Besetzung des Orchesters etc; 3–56=I; 57–79=II; 80–127=III; 128–133=IV; 134–209=V; [210]=blank.

    

Dimensions: 334 ´ 259 (r = 246)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: vi.1903

    

Edition number: none    Plate number: 1

    

Copies: A-Wn MS 25 (accession number: 151/1899); A-Wigmg N/II/12, N/II/119 (formerly UE Hire material: no original wrappers), N/II/116 (formerly UE Hire material: the second movement has been marked up for performance with a slightly reduced instrumentation), N/II/117 (formerly UE Hire material); A-WphD-B Mus 1162 [not seen]; GB-Lpc; US-Stu M1001 .M21 S92 1897 [not seen]

    

Having been already engraved and published, the full score of the Second Symphony was not included in the scope of the subsidy provided to J. Eberle & Co. by the Gesellschaft zur Förderung deutschen Wissenschaft, Kunst und Literatur in Böhmen for the publication of the first three symphonies. Nevertheless there must have been early discussions about the score being included in the Eberle series, because on 13 January 1898 Mahler wrote to an unnamed recipient (probably Hermann Behn) in connection with the transfer of the plates (unpublished letter, sold at Sotheby's, in May 1989, lot 176):

...Wie verhalt sich mit den Platten der C-moll-Partitur? Ich war so keck, dieselben als meine Eigenthum zu bezeichnen. Eben werde ich von dem Verleger aufgefördert bei Röder die “Ausfolgung” der Platten zu veranlassen....

What's the situation with the plates of the score of the C minor? I was bold enough to designate them as my own property. I've just been asked by the publisher to arrange the delivery of the plates with Röder.

Whether the remaining stock of unsold copies or unbound sheets of the score were transferred to Eberle cannot be confirmed (no copies of PF1 with altered or pasted-over publisher's imprint have been located) but dated handbills announcing the availability of scores and other material for the first two symphonies, make it clear that by November 1898 Weinberger had taken over responsibility for the distribution of the two works. The transfer from Hofmeister to Eberle/Weinberger was no doubt facilitated by the fact that as early as 1889 Weinberger had set up a company in Leipzig, to print his publications, thereby gaining copyright protection under the Berne Convention (Germany was a signatory, Austro-Hungary was not). Indeed there is some evidence that this venture may have had a business or personal connection with Hofmeister Verlag (HYJW, 7), though the assertion that this arrangement involved Carl Günther (who later owned Hofmeister Verlag) must be erroneous: he was born in 1878!

This publication is basically a re-issue (a Titelauflage), with only a very few, minor changes to the plates for pp. 3–4, that have little or no musical significance. At what date Eberle revised the plates and Weinberger distributed the new issue  is open to a little doubt. The accession date for the A-Wn copy (1899), the address given for Weinberger's Paris office on the title page and front wrapper, and the currency used for the Austrian prices (Gulden/Florins, which ceased to be legal tender in 1900) suggest an early date, but this is contradicted by the Hofmeister entry. However it is probably significantly that the latter dates from the month of the work's high-profile performance at Tonkünstlerfest des Allgemeinen Deutschen Musikvereins in Basel: it may simply be a 'relaunch' of the score to coincide with a highly prestigious (and, as it turned out, very successful) performance.

There is no direct documentation of the size of the initial print run, but the UE Verlagsbuch implies that in 1910 when the remaining stock of PF2 was transferred to UE there were 153 unsold copies, suggesting an original print run of 200 copies. Interestingly no copies of this edition with "Universal Edition" stickers over the Weinberger imprint have been located to date.

     
   PRINTED FULL SCORES WITH AUTOGRAPH REVISIONS:
APF1   CH-Bu k r XXII 384 [1903]
    

The score used by Mahler for the important (and very successful) performance at Basle in 1903, and subsequently presented by the composer to Hermann Suter. It bears the inscription:

Herrn Kapellmeister Suter in dankbaren Erinnerung an die treue and stets hilfsbereite collegiale Fürsorge in dem schönen Basler Konzert, die mir unvergesslich blieben wird. Juni 1903. Gustav Mahler

To Kapellmeister Suter, in grateful memory of the loyal and always helpful collegial solicitude at the fine Basel concert, which will remain for me unforgettable. June 1903. Gustav Mahler

The score has annotations in red ink, pencil and blue crayon.

 

APF2   A-Wst U.E.Deposit  Mahler/G.003 – [n.d.]
    

This undated copy is bound, and lacks wrappers. The emendations appear to predate (and prefigure) those made in PS1 and APF3. Some revisions in red ink correspond closely to the red ink corrections in APF2; otherwise the majority of the revisions are in blue crayon. APF2 contains a  few revisions that are not made in APF3, but it fails to incorporate late changes made in the latter.  The score was evidently used by Universal Edition for some collation process – presumably in the preparation of PS1 or PF3 – as there are also signed annotations in the hand of J.V.von Wöss (e.g. p. 25). See also NAMR 5 (1979), 6.

 

APF3   

A-Wst U.E.Deposit Mahler/G.002 –1907/1910

    Autograph inscription on front wrapper: [top LH corner, red ink:] Corrigiert und / Einzig Richtig befunden / Dezember 1907. / [red crayon:] September 1910 / Mahler // [top RH corner, black ink:] Gustav Mahler.

Autograph inscription on title page: [blue crayon:] V

On the basis of writing material, this important source contains at least seven layers of revision/correction (in provisional chronological sequence): light red ink, dark red ink, orange/brown crayon, black/grey ink,  pencil, blue crayon, red crayon. It was presumably this score that UE sent to Mahler in Toblach in July 1910 for the insertion of new revisions (HLGIIIF, 748). See also NAMR 5 (1079), 6 and GMWI, 16–19 and 64 (= facsimile of p. 49 (i.e. bb. 384–98)).

 

   PRINTED FULL SCORES WITH AUTOGRAPH DEDICATION
APF4   D-Mbs Mus.Ms. 23220 – [n.d.]

With an autograph dedication to Busoni: Hernn Busoni in freundschaftlicher / Ergebenheit / Gustav Mahler.  See GMBMBS, 126–7, with illustration on 68. This gift was probably connected with the performance of the work conducted by Mahler at Liege on 22 January 1899: Busoni played the Weber Konzertstück and Liszt's Second Piano Concerto in the second half of the concert, so probably heard the Symphony.

     
   PRINTED FULL SCORE WITH MANUSCRIPT REVISIONS
CPF2   NL-DHnmi Mengleberg Stichting 435a
    Select bibliography: GMWL, I.30-31 (transcription and English translations of a selection of Mengelberg's annotations)

Mengelberg's copy with annotations and timings in red, blue and brown crayon, pencil and ink.

     
   
APFpr  SECOND STATE WITH AUTOGRAPH REVISIONS  – Vienna: Eberle/Universal Edition, 1908–9
    A-Wigmg N/II/112 (on loan from Universal Edition)
    Title page: none present, and lacking wrappers
    Dimensions: 330 ´  253 (r = 242); the plate dimensions: 300 x 235
    

Printing method: Printed on a proofing press directly from the plates; single-sided sheets pasted together and tipped onto stubs for binding

    Plate number: 1
    

This copy was presumably run off from the plates (having been revised for the publication of the study score in 1906 they represented the most up-to-date state of the score) and sent to Mahler for revision and correction. There are two date stamps present:

[1v and on the versos of the original pulls of pp. 187and 206]: rubber stamp, violet ink: Druckerei– und Verlags-Aktiengesellschaft / vorm. / R. v. Waldheim, Josef Eberle & Co. / 29. MAI 1908 / KORREKTURABZUG / Wien, VII. Seidengasse 3–9 / MUSIK-ABTEILUNG

[2r=p. 3] rubber stamp, violet ink, M[usik]korrektur-Abtlg. / 15.JUN.1909 / Druckerei- und Verlags-Aktiengesellschaft / vorm. R.v. Waldheim, Jos. Eberle & Co.

Their significance is not entirely certain, but there is a strong likelihood that Mahler worked on the score between these two dates, and with this in mind it is worth noting that on 8 December 1908 Mahler conducted the work in New York, a good opportunity for him to try out adjustments in preparation for a new edition. However, in the absence of other documentation, many questions remain unanswered. To begin with, which publisher – Eberle or Universal Edition – was planning a new edition of the score at this date, and in what format (full score or study score)? The rights in the work were not finally transferred to Universal Edition until 1910, and it was not until 1913 that the second edition of the full score finally appeared.

Mahler's corrections are in red crayon, red ink and (very occasionally) thin black ink; some pages, or queries are initialled in pencil ‘AH’ (a staff editor?) and other in-house annotations are in blue crayon. Because of significant additions to the musical texture a few plates had to be completely re-engraved (rather than merely corrected) and are annotated 'Neu.' to indicate this: those for pp. 186–7, 190 and 208. In these cases, and in some instances where the revisions to the original plates were extensive, revised proofs are included in the copy. 

   
PF2 SECOND EDITION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1913]
    

Title page: [Black, within orange border:] ZWEITE / SYMPHONIE / C MOLL / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / [in lower shield:] / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / DROITS D'ÉXÉCUTION RÉSERVÉS / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN.-LEIP[ZIG.

    

Wrapper: [Mauve border on green; text in black:] Universal-Edition: / No 2993 / GUSTAV MAHLER  / II. SYMPHONIE / C MOLL / DO MINEUR C MINOR / PARTITUR

    

Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=Besetzung des Orchesters; 3–56=I; 57–79=II; 80–127=III; 128–133=IV; 134–209=V; [210]=blank.

    

Dimensions: 337 ´  263 (r = 248)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: no entry

    

Edition number: 2933    Plate number: U.E. 2933

    

Print ordered: 18.09.1912    Copies received: 12.03.1913   Print run: 40

    

Copies: A-Wigmg N/II/14 (in a publisher's binding; no wrappers and pages slightly trimmed; possibly a copy of PF3a); GB-Lbl Hirsch M. 997 (adverts dated ix.1912); NL-DHgm Mengelberg Stichtung (lacking last pages and back wrapper; possibly a copy of PF3a)

    

Although there seems to have been some delay in issuing this edition, it reflects the corrections made by Mahler in APFpr (which itself transmitted the text as revised for the 1906 study score). The  A-Wigmg copy has numerous proof-reading corrections in the hand of Erwin Stein, some simply reflecting a different house style, but others revealing a keen eye for detail.

     
PF2a  SECOND EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1920]
    Print ordered: 11.09.1919    Copies received: 04.02.1920   Print run: 97
    Copies: A-Wn M.S. 18638; US-NYp JMG 85-544
    

According to the UE Verlagsbuch, this was the only reprint of the third edition of the full score. Both copies listed above have adverts dated x.1919, perhaps reflecting an unexpected delay in delivery.

     
 PRINTED STUDY SCORES
PS1 FIRST EDITION – Vienna: [Eberle]/Weinberger/Universal Edition, [1906]
    

Title page: [See facsimile, black, within orange border:] ZWEITE / SYMPHONIE / IN C MOLL / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER. / PARTITUR. / [in lower shield] / EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / JOSEF WEINBERGER / ·WIEN·LEIPZIG·PARIS· / [below border, in orange:] Lith. v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien. / [black:] IN DIE „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” AUFGENOMMEN. / [left:] BUDAPEST / RÓZSAVÖLGYI ÉS TÁRSÁNÁL / [rule] / POZSONY / STAMPFEL KÁROLYNÁL // [centre:] FÜR DEUTSCHLAND BEI / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER / LEIPZIG. // [right:] SOLE AGENTS FOR / GREAT BRITAIN AND THE COLONIES / LONDON / E. ASCHERBERG & CO. / 46, BERNERS STREET W.

    

Wrapper: [None yet located]

    

Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=Besetzung des Orchesters; 3–56=I; 57–79=II; 80–127=III; 128–133=IV; 134–209=V; [210]=blank.

    

Dimensions: 230  ´  167 (r = 160½)

    

Printing method: photographically reduced lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: iv.1906

    

Edition number: 948    Plate number: 1

    

Print ordered: 15.03.1906    Copies received: 23.04.1906   Print run: 200

    

Copies: NL-DHgm Mengelberg Stichting (unannotated); GB-Lbl Hirsch M. 236 (with three handbills for performances: 07.iv.1916 Mengelberg; 04.ii.1925 Scherchen; 08.i.1928 Krauss. but no wrappers); GB-Lpc; D-B Mus Km 54; 54/2 [not seen].

    

The printer's copy used for the preparation of this new version has not come to light (probably an annotated copy of the full score). The upper note is retained on p. 2, but the programmatic headings in the fifth movement are deleted and the music text revised. The UE Verlagsbuch records two further impressions of the study score before Universal took over the rights in 1910 – March 1907 (200 copies) and December 1909 (400 copies). No copies of these impressions have been identified: the name and address give for the London agency on the title page may have been altered in one or both as in 1907 these changed to Ascherberg, Hopwood & Crew, at 16 Mortimer Street (JPVMP, 12).

The music text represents a revised state of  PF1 plates, photographically reduced; it was this text (PS1), not that of PF2 which appeared in study scores issued after 1910.

     
PS1a  FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE – Vienna: Universal Edition, 1911]
   

Title page: [See facsimile: black, within orange border:] ZWEITE / SYMPHONIE / IN C MOLL / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / (NUR FÜR DEN PRIVATGEBRAUCH) / [in lower shield:] AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / DROITS D'ÉXÉCUTION RÉSERVÉS / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN.-LEIPZIG. / COPYRIGHT 1897 BY FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER, LEIPZIG. / [below border, in orange:] Lith v. Jos. Eberle. & Co Wien

   

Wrapper: [See facsimile of the front wrapper; rear wrapper is blank]

   

Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=Besetzung des Orchesters; 3–56=I; 57–79=II; 80–127=III; 128–133=IV; 134–209=V; [210]=blank.

   

Dimensions: 236 ´ 170 (r = 161)

   

Printing method: photographically reduced lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: no entry

    

Edition number: U.E. 948    Plate number [pp.[2]–20:] U.E. 948. 2933, [pp. 21–209:] 1

    

Print ordered: 10.03.1911    Copies received: 17.03.1911   Print run: 100

    

Copies: GB-Lpc; A-Wigmg N/II/19 (in publisher's binding, so no wrappers);

    

The new form of title-page reflects the transfer of this work from Jos. Eberle & Co. to Universal Edition in 1910. In this state the long-redundant upper note on p. 2 (see PF1) has been removed, and a new plate number (combining the edition number of the study score with the plate number of the second edition of the full score) added to the early pages. Despite the plate number, none of the revisions in PF2 (except for the deletion of the p. 2 note) appear in this text. In other impressions the new plate number is given throughout, suggesting that the two copies described here are early printings of this state. The UE Verlagsbuch records nine impressions of the study score between 1911 and 1935 (the last before the Anschluss), a total of c.4700 copies (see A-Wn M.S. 67477 (probably a copy of the April 1930 issue, ex coll. Anna Bahr-Mildenburg) and US-Wc M1001.M21 no.2.U5 (a copy of the November 1935 issue)). CND-Lu Mahler-Rosé Collection S3-MD27-810 (ex coll. Alfred Rosé; no back wrapper), dates from before 1919, and has U.E. 948.2933 as the plate number throughout.

     
PSpr  FIRST EDITION, LATER ISSUE, PROOFS – Vienna: Universal Edition, [after 1910]
    

Title page: [Gold on transparent sheets (used throughout):] ZWEITE / SYMPHONIE / IN C MOLL / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / (NUR FÜR DEN PRIVATGEBRAUCH) / [in lower shield:] AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / DROITS D'ÉXÉCUTION RÉSERVÉS / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN.-LEIPZIG. / COPYRIGHT 1897 BY UNIVERSAL EDITION

    

Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=Besetzung des Orchesters; 3–56=I; 57–79=II; 80–127=III; 128–133=IV; 134–209=V

    

Dimensions: various sizes; maximum ca. 560 x 747 (r = 160)

    

Printing method: see below

    

Edition number: n/a    Plate number: 1

    

Copies: A-Wst U.E. Deposit Mahler/G. 035 (D)

    

The precise role of these sheets in the production process of a later issue (ca. 1930) of the study score is unclear.

Each of the main single-sided sheets contains 8 pages of the score arranged in the correct imposition for the printing of an eight-page gathering, and is placed back to back with its partner and folded to make up such a gathering; the 26 main sheets thus make up the 13 gatherings of the volume, with p. 209 appearing as a  separate single small sheet (2 copies). The bizarre feature is that this issue is clearly rather late (it corresponds to an unfortunately undateable copy (A-Wst M 52809) possibly from the 1930s) but reverts to pl. no. 1 throughout, and gives Copyright 1897 by Friedrich Hofmeister, Leipzig at the foot of p. 3.

Bottom RH corner of p. 209: Weag [i.e. Waldheim-Eberle A.G.]
     
 PRINTED ORCHESTRAL PARTS
PO1 FIRST EDITION, FIRST STATE – [Vienna: Eberle/Weinberger, ?1899]
    

Make-up of set: 60 parts[?]: fl 1–4; ob 1–4; cl in BGraphic: flat 1–2; cl in EGraphic: flat; bcl; bsn 1–4; hn 1–6; tpt 1–6; trb 1–4; tuba; hp 1–2; timp 1–2; glock; tr; cym; bdrum; organ; vn 1; vn 2; vla; vcl; db; [Fernorchester:] Partitur; timp; bdrum; tr; tpt 1–4; hn 1–4.

    

Dimensions: [Vn I] 342 ´ 262 (r = 194)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: not listed? [see PO2 below]

    

Edition number: [none]  Plate number: [none]

    

Copies: A-Wigmg N/II/22–26; A-Wph III/93; A-Wst U.E. Deposit Mahler/G. 007(D) (Fl 1 only only in a set for a reduced orchestration of the second and third movements)

    

In the absence of the untraced (and probably lost) manuscript part set used in early performances ([CO]) there is nevertheless  a collation of a sample of variant readings in P01, ACF1, ACF2 and PF2 suggests that [CO] was the copy text for the printed parts. Unfortunately revisions and corrections made in the working score (ACF2) were evidently not transferred to the manuscript part set, nor apparently was any systematic collation between PF2 and [POpr] undertaken (see the provisional stemma), so the first edition of the parts preserved many superseded readings – of interest to bibliographers, but calculated to annoy performers intensely.

The availability of an orchestral part set for sale (at 45 Marks) was advertised in the promotional handbill dated November 1898,  yet (as in the case of the first edition of the First Symphony parts presumably prepared at the same time) no publication details appear on PO1 parts (see facsimile). The status of this initial state of the Second Symphony parts, and the nature of the availability remains unclear.

As no complete set of PO1 has yet been located, the make up of the set is construed from that of the second edition, PO2. It is possible that the harp, organ, percussion and Fernorchester parts were not issued in this form, though the fact that there are more than three surviving sets make this unlikely: there would be little point in making available several partial sets.

     
PO1a  FIRST EDITION, SECOND STATE – [Vienna: Eberle/Weinberger, ?1899]
    Make-up of set: Vn 1 only
    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: not listed? [see PO2 below]
    Edition number: [none]  Plate number: [none]
    Copies: A-Wigmg N/II/25, N/II/26; A-Wph III/93
    

Bears a typeset note at the top of the first page acknowledging the subsidy that paid for the parts' publication: Mit unterstützung der Gesellschaft zur Förderung deutschen Wissenschaft, Kunst und Literatur in Böhmen. No other part or score in the standard set has been found bearing this note and the note was evidently overprinted on only a few copies of the vn 1 part. The music text = PO1.

     
PO2 SECOND EDITION – [Vienna: Eberle/Weinberger, ?1903]
    

Make-up of set: 60 parts: fl 1–4; ob 1–4; cl in BGraphic: flat 1–2; cl in EGraphic: flat; bcl; bsn 1–4; hn 1–6; tpt 1–6; trb 1–4; tuba; hp 1–2; timp 1–2; glock; tr; cym; bdrum; organ; vn 1; vn 2; vla; vcl; db; [Fernorchester:] Partitur; timp; bdrum; tr; tpt 1–4; hn 1–4.

    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: vi.1903
    Plate number: 4
    Copies: A-Wigmg N/II/23-27; A-Wph III/93; A-Wst U.E. Deposit Mahler/G. 007(D) (partial set of wind and percussion parts only for a reduced orchestration of the second and third movements); A-Wst U.E. Deposit Mahler/G. 034(D) (incomplete; strings = PO3; a mixed set marked up as the Stichvorlage for the 1969 reprinting of the parts of SWIIa)
    

Although the orchestral parts had been advertised in November 1898, it was not until June 1903 that they were listed in Hofmeister’s Monatsbericht (at the same price of 45 Marks). Whether this tells us anything about the history of the parts’ availability is unclear.

The vn 1 parts have the typeset note as in PO1a; this is in line with Guido Adler’s original proposal that it should appear either on the cover of the orchestral parts or the violin part (KBME, 216).

The music text of all parts seems to have been revised to bring the set more in line with PF1. The UE Verlagsbuch implies that the remaining unsold stock was transferred to Universal Edition on 17 November 1910, along with that of the other Mahler publications Weinberger distributed on behalf of Eberle.

     
APO  PRINTED ORCHESTRAL PARTS WITH AUTOGRAPH REVISIONS
    A-Wigmg N/II/25, N/II/26
    

A mixed set including parts from PO1, PO1a and PO2. This set was Mahler's performing material at New York (1908) and Paris (1910) and some parts are signed by players:

Contrabass tub, ink: Fr Geib Dec. 8th 1908 / Carnegie Hall New York / Gustav Mahler conductor

Viola 1: H.B. New York 08

3 Horn, pencil: Paris 17 avril 1910 / Theâtre du Châtlet / J. Nassart 3e Cor / C. Coyaux 4e Cor

     
PO3 THIRD EDITION – [Vienna: Universal Edition, 1912/1917]
    

Make-up of set: 5 parts: vn 1, vn 2; vla; vcl; db

    

Dimensions: [Vn I] 310 ´ 237 (r = 197)

    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: [no entry]
    Plate number: U.E. 2934a–e
    Copies: A-Wigmg N/II/21, N/II/23; A-Wst U.E. Deposit Mahler/G. 007(D) (part of a set of parts for a reduced orchestration, with non-autograph annotations); A-Wst U.E. Deposit Mahler/G. 034(D) (part of a mixed set marked up as the Stichvorlage for the 1969 reprinting of the parts of SWIIa)
    

The UE Verlagsbuch implies that there was no systematic approach to the publication of a revised set of parts, and no printing of wind and percussion parts is recorded up to the Anschluß. Relatively large stocks of parts seem to have been handed over in 1910, and it was only in 1912 that new double bass parts were printed, followed by the other string parts in 1917.

The A-Wst parts contain the following note on the first page

Öffentliche Aufführung dieses Werkes ist nur gestattet, wenn der Veranstalter das Aufführungsrecht erworben und nachweilich vorher das gesamte Notenmaterial aus erster Hand bezogen hat. Das Ausliehen u. Abschreiben ist verboten.

     
CPO1  PRINTED ORCHESTRAL PARTS WITH MANUSCRIPT REVISIONS
    A-Wigmg N/II/23
    A mixed set: strings = PO3; other parts = PO1a or PO2. Some of the revisions may be autograph.
     
 PRINTED CHORUS PARTS
PCh1 FIRST EDITION [Vienna: Weinberger, ?1899]
    Make-up of set: 4 parts (2 pp. each): Sop; Alt; Ten; Baß
    Dimensions: [Sop.] 344 ´ 258 ( r = 219)
    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: not listed
    Edition number: [none] Plate number: [none]
    Copies: A-Wigmg N/II/28; A-Wph III/98
    

The plates were probably prepared from the material produced for the first performance in 1895; this must have been a set of manuscript copies, apparently derived from the original copying layer in ACF2, though it is likely that duplicates would have been printed (probably using a lithographic process). It appears that no collation with PF1a was undertaken before PCh1 was printed (see the provisional stemma).

No publishing details appear anywhere on this material, and no copy of the Chor Particelle in this state has been located. The text is given in German and French (the translation probably being included because of the successful performance of the work in Liège in 1897).

The chorus parts were listed on the promotional handbill of November 1898 as being for sale at 0.60 Mk ‘per Quartett’.

     
PCh2 SECOND EDITION – [Vienna: Weinberger, ?1899]
    Make-up of set: Chor-Particelle (8 pp.) and 4 parts (2 pp. each): Sop; Alt; Ten; Baß
    Dimensions: [Sop.] 342 ´ 262 ( r = 218); [Chor-Particelle] 328 ´ 256 ( r = 235)
    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: not listed
    Edition number: [none]   Plate number: 4
    

Copies: A-Wigmg N/II/25, N/II/28; A-Wph III/98; A-Wst U.E. Deposit; A-Wn M.S. 67478 (2 unmarked copies of the Chor-Particelle with copy of PTp4 from the estate of Anna Bahr Mildenburg)

    

The music text has been revised to bring it more in line with that of PF1a. No publishing details appear anywhere on this material, but a plate number has been added; the text is given only in German in the Chorparticel, but in German and French in the parts. The unsold stock of parts and the Particell was passed over to Universal Edition on 17 November 1910 (see the UE Verlagsbuch entries for the quantities involved).

     
   PRINTED CHORUS PARTS USED BY MAHLER
GMCh   A-Wigmg N/II/25
    

1 copy of each part and the Chor-Particelle. All PCh2. Probably used for the 1910 Paris performance.

     
CPCh  PRINTED CHORUS PARTS WITH MANUSCRIPT REVISIONS
    A-Wigmg N/II/28
    

A mixed set, apparently containing material used by Mahler in New York (1908) and Paris (1910). Some of the revisions may be autograph.

     
PChup UNPUBLISHED PRINTED CHORUS SCORE:[S.l., s.n., n.d.]
    Title on p. 1: The Great Summons. G. Mahler
    Make-up of set: Chorparticel only (8 pp.)
    Dimensions: 274 ´ 178½ ( r = 210)
    Printing method: lithography from copyist's manuscript
    Hofmeister: not listed
    Plate number: none
    Copies: A-Wst U.E. Deposit (kept in Third Symphony box)
    

This is a chorus score with virtually no cues, and no accompaniment. The tenor part is notated in the treble clef; English text only. Both copies have corrections to the text in pencil at b. 623.

There are no publication details on these scores, and their date and the circumstances of their production are unclear, though they might have been prepared for the New York première conducted by Mahler in 1908. If that supposition is correct they were probably never offered for sale, or available for hire once the third edition was available (from 1910 onwards).

     
PCh3 THIRD EDITION – [Vienna, Universal-Edition, 1911/12]
    Title on p. 1: Symphonie No. 2. / Chor Particelle / Gustav Mahler
    Make-up of set: Chorparticel (8 pp.) and 4 parts (2 pp. each): Sop; Alt; Ten; Baß
    Dimensions: [Chorparticel] 332 ´ 258; [Sop.] 302 ´ 230
    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: not listed
    Plate number: Chorparticel = U.E. 2936; parts = U.E. 2935a–d
    Copies: A-Wst U.E. Deposit (kept in Third Symphony box)
    

The text is given in German and English in the parts and Chorparticel. Some of the set have a  Russian translation of the text written in. The only performance of the work in Russia during Mahler's lifetime was given in 1906 under Oskar Fried, four years before this edition was issued, so the translation presumably post-dates Mahler's death.

The UE Verlagsbuch entries for the work reveal that copies of the Particell  were ordered in May 1911, and soprano, alto and bass parts in the autumn of that year, but the tenor parts were not printed until autumn 1912. Numerous further impressions followed up to the Anschluß (over 30,000 chorus parts in total).

     
 PRINTED ARRANGEMENTS
 

NTPRINTED VOCAL SCORES (URLICHT)

PV1 FIRST EDITION Leipzig: Hofmeister, [1895]
   

Title Page: [Black on white:] SYMPHONIE / in C-moll / No. 2. / von / Gustav Mahler. / [divider] / Für zwei Claviere zu vier Händen gesetzt / von Hermann Behn. / Preis M 6.–n. / Eigenthum des Componisten. [divider] Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / Hieraus einzeln: Theil IV Urlicht. Für Pianoforte zu 2 Händen Preis M 1.–n. / [rule] / Commissionsverlag / von / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER, LEIPZIG. / Copyright 1896 by Friedrich Hofmeister. / Lith.Anst.v. C.G.Röder, Leipzig.

    

Wrapper: front wrapper text is identical to that of the tp: black on cream paper; back wrapper: blank

    Analysis: [i] =tp; [ii]=blank; 1–4=music; [5–6]=blank
    Dimensions: 337 ´ 268 (r = 214)
    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: xii.1895
    Edition number: none    Plate number: 4
    

Copies: A-Wph III/98; US-Wc M1621.M (on both the wrapper and tp of this copy the '6' in the copyright date has been deleted, and the following overprinted in violet ink: Copyright 1895 by Friedrich Hofmeister, Leipzig; the copyright date assigned is 26.xii.1895).

    

This printing was issued 'Im Commissionsverlag', probably subsidised by Hermann Behn, who also prepared (and certainly paid for) the arrangement of the whole work for two pianos issued at about the same time. Because no autograph of the voice and piano version of the song has come to light, this very rare edition (and the variant listed below) is of great bibliographic and musicological importance as it is the only source containing the additional text, beneath bb. 3–13 of the accompaniment, from Clemens Brentano's Gockel, Hinkel, Gackeleia:

Stern und Blume!

Geist und Kleid!

Lieb' und Leid!

Zeit! Ewigkeit!

Many years later Anna Mahler told Henry-Louis de La Grange that Mahler delighted in reading this story to his eldest daughter, Maria (Putzi) (HLG3, 690).

The (lost) autograph of the piano and voice version – which as Mahler stressed, was the original version of the song – was loaned to Herman Behn in late September/early October 1895, but Mahler had to request its return in mid October so that he could forward it to the contralto, Frau Marie Götze,  who was due to sing the first performance of the complete work in December of that year (in the event she was replaced by Hedwig Felden). By that date plans for its publication were already in hand (GMUB 24–5, GMUBE, 26–7; see also PT2p41 below). The edition was almost certainly prepared from the lost autograph, which dated from a period before Mahler had decided to incorporate it into the Symphony, or possibly a (similarly lost) copy prepared from it. In either eventuality, the inclusion of the unsung text probably relates more to the creative history of the song, than the symphonic movement.

As in PT2p4 the printed piano part contains abbreviations giving detailed indications of the scoring; the key to the abbreviations is provided at the head of p. 1.

    
APV1  PRINTED VOCAL SCORE WITH AUTOGRAPH INSCRIPTION
    A-Wph Historisches Archiv
    

The inscription, to Anna Bahr-Mildenburg dated Hamburg 26. Mai 1896, is in the form of a poem:

Verloren irrt' ich einst auf dunkeln Wege
Mir leuchtete kein Stern – mir blieb kein Hoffen.
Ein Strahl des ewigen Lichts hat mich getroffen
Nun wandl' ich ihm in sel'ge Fern' entgegen!

Once I strayed, lost on a dark path
No star guided me – no hope was left.

A beam of eternal light fell upon me;

Now I travel towards it in the blessed distance.

[My thanks to Dr Rupert Ridgewell and Dr Renate Stark-Voit for help in transcribing this text; the translation is my own responsibility.]

     
PV1a  FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE – Vienna: Weinberger, [1898–99?]
    Copies: A-Wph III/98
    

These are copies of PV1 with a paste-over covering the original publisher's imprint: Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements. / JOSEPH WEINBERGER. / WIEN, 1. Kohlmarkt 8 / [rule] // [left:] Leipzig / Querstrasse No.13. / [rule] //  [right:] Paris / 40 Boulevard Haussmann. Although the vocal score of Urlicht is not listed on their promotional handbill,  Weinberger presumably took over Hofmeister's remaining stock of copies, and applied the paste-overs prior to selling them.

    

PR

PV2 SECOND EDITION – Vienna: [Eberle]/Weinberger, [before 1900]
   

Title Page: [See facsimile; brown text with brown decorative border:] SYMPHONIE / IN / C MOLL No 2 / von / Gustav Mahler / [left:] Partitur...Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 36.- over Fl. 21.- netto / Orchester-Stimmen Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.45.- over Fl. 27.- netto // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4 ms. / arrangirt v. Bruno Walter Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.8.-Pf. over Fl. 4.80kr. netto. // Clavierauszug für 2 Claviere zu 4 Händen v. Hermann Behn Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 6.-Pf. over Fl. 3.60kr. netto / (zur Ausführung sind 2 Exemplare erforderlich.) / Einzeln: Theil IV: Urlicht für Altsolo mit Clavierbegleitung Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 1.-Pf. over Fl. -.80kr. netto / [rule] / 2083 / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements / JOSEPH WEINBERGER. / WIEN / Kohlmarkt 8 / [rule] / [left:] Leipzig / Querstrasse No.13 / [rule] // [right:] Paris / 40 Boulevard Haussmann / [rule] // Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien VII.

    

Wrapper: front wrapper text is identical to that of the tp: brown on yellow paper; back wrapper: blank

    

Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=blank; 3–6=music; [7–8]=blank

    

Dimensions: 328 ´ 264 (r = 212)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: no entry

    

Edition number: none    Plate number: 4

    

Copies: A-Wigmg N/II/25; A-Wph III/93; F-Pgm HLG P MAHLER symph 2 (partie) en Mahler Documents, 3ème étage (not seen); NL-DHgm Mengelberg Stichting 434 (no annotations); GB-Lpc

    

The currency used for the Austrian prices – Gulden/Florins – which ceased to be legal tender in 1900 provides a terminus ante quem for the publication date.

Weinberger presumably took over Hofmeister's plates for the song: the Brentano text was removed and the whole repaginated. Otherwise the text is identical to PV1. This appears to be the last publication of the piano and voice version of the song as an extract from the Symphony. In 1900 Weinberger published the twelve Lieder aus Des Knaben Wunderhorn which included Urlicht as the final item: the original Hofmeister plates were revised and used again, and it was as part of this collection that Universal Edition issued this version of the song in later years.

The U.E. Verlagsbuch indicates that 94 copies were transferred to Universal Edition on 17 November 1910.

   
PV3 THIRD EDITION Vienna: Universal Edition, 1911
    Edition number: 2938   
    

Print ordered: 10.03.1911    Copies received: 17.03.1911   Print run: 100

    

Copies: none located

   
PV4 FOURTH EDITION Vienna: Universal Edition, 1913
   

Title Page:[See facsimile; green text within green decorative border:] SYMPHONIE / IN / C MOLL No 2 / von / Gustav Mahler / [left:] Partitur...U.E. Nr. 2933 / Orchester-Stimmen " " " 2934 / Chor-Stimmen " " " 2935 // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4 ms.|arrangirt v. Bruno Walter U.E. Nr. 949 / Chor-Particelle…. " " " 2936 // Clavierauszug für 2 Claviere zu 4 Händen v. Hermann Behn U.E. Nr. 2937 / (zur Ausführung sind 2 Exemplare erforderlich.) / Einzeln: Theil IV: Urlicht für Altsolo mit Clavierbegleitung U.E. Nr. 2938 / [rule] / 2083 / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / UNIVERSAL-EDITION / Aktiengesellschaft / [left:] Wien. [centre: device] [right:] Leipzig.

    

Wrapper: [Front wrapper: black text in violet border on blue background:] [Upper shield:] UNIVERSAL-EDITION / No 2938 / [main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / SYMPHONIE II / C MOLL / URLICHT / ALT-SOLO UND KLAVIER / [back wrapper: see facsimile]

    Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=blank; 3–6=music
    Dimensions: 314 ´ 236 (r = 214)
    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: no entry
    Edition number: 2938    Plate number: U.E. 1692. 2938    Advert date: II.1912
    

Print ordered: 07.02.1912    Copies received: 10.06.1913   Print run: 200

    

Copies: GB-Lpc

    

The title page is an adaptation of the original Hofmeister design; the music text is essentially that of the second edition. However the heading of the song has been revised, and all the abbreviated indications of instrumentation have been removed, as have the list of abbreviations, details of instrumentation and the footnote about use of mutes in the strings on p. 3. Rehearsal numbers and some tempo modifications have been inserted, and additional phrasing and dynamics have been added to the vocal line.

     
PV4a  FOURTH EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION - Vienna: Universal Edition, 1914
   

Title Page: [See facsimile; black text within standard orange decorative border:] 12 GESÄNGE / AUS / „DES KNABEN WUNDERHORN” / FÜR / EINE SINGSTIMME MIT ORCHESTERBEGLEITUNG / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / [left:] 1. DER SCHILDWACHE NACHTLIED / 2. VERLOR'NE MÜH' (SCHWÄB.) / 3. TROST IM UNGLÜCK / 4. WER HAT DIES LIEDLEIN / 5. DAS IRDISCHE LEBEN / 6. ANTONIUS VON PADUA // [right:] 7. RHEINLEGENDCHEN / 8. LIED DES VERFOLGTEN IM TURME / 9. WO DIE SCHÖNEN TROMPETEN BLASEN / 10. LOB DES HOHEN VERSTANDS / 11. ES SUNGEN DREI ENGEL (3. SYMPH.) / 12. URLICHT. (2. SYMPH) // [left:] HOCH [right:] TIEF / [in lower shield:] AUFFÜHUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / DROIT D'EXÉCUTION RÉSERVÉS / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELSSCHAFT / WIEN - LEIPZIG

    

Wrapper: [Front wrapper: black text in violet border on green background:] [Upper shield:] UNIVERSAL-EDITION / No 2938b / [main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / 12 GESÄNGE / AUS / „DES KNABEN WUNDERHORN” / NO 12. URLICHT  / (ALTSOLO A. D. II. SYMPHONIE / GESANGE UND KLAVIER / [bottom shield:] TIEF

[back wrapper: see facsimile]

    Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=blank; 3–6=music; [7–8]=blank
    Dimensions: 308 ´ 237 (r = 215)
    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: no entry
    Edition number: 2938b    Plate number: U.E. 1692b. 2938b.    Advert date: IV.1914
    

Print ordered: 01.04.1914    Copies received: 10.06.1914   Print run: 299

    

Copies: GB-Lpc

    

The title page reverts to the standard UE orange design, with a passe-partout text for the Wunderhorn songs inserted; the music text retains that of the first impression of this edition.

This was the first impression  in which the edition and plate number was changed to 2938b to distinguish it from the high voice version first issued in 1914. In all there were four further impressions of the original low voice version between 1918 and 1933 (the last before the Anschluss), a total of 1798 copies.

   
PV5 FIFTH EDITION Vienna: Universal Edition, 1913
   

Title Page: [Black, in upper rectangle:] EXCELSIOR / [in main, central rectangle, red:] 100 / MUSIKALISCHE ERFOLGE / [black:] * * [i.e. volume 2] / [black, in lowest rectangle:] ALLE RECHTE, INSBESONDERE DAS AUFFÜHRINGSRECHT/ VORBEHALTEN / UNIVERSAL-EDITION A·G· / WIEN I REICHSRATSTRASSE 9 LEIPZIG, SEEBURGSTRASSE 14/20

    

Wrapper: [boards]

    Analysis: [1]=tp; [2–3]=index; [4]=blank; [5]=section title (ERNSTE MUSIK); [6]=blank; 7–210 =music; [211]=section title (HEITERE MUSIK) [212]=blank; 213–398= music; [399]=advert for volume 1; [400]=blank
    Dimensions: 326 x 245 (r = 216)
    Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
    Hofmeister: no entry
    Edition number: 2700    Plate number: U.E. 3700
    

Print ordered: 31.08.1912    Copies received: 20.12.1914   Print run: 19,990

    

Copies: A-Wn 3950/2

    

Urlicht occupies pp. 189–192 of this collective volume. It has not been re-originated. Two further impressions were printed in 1919 and 1925, a total of 26819 copies. Volume one contained the 'Glockenchor' from the Third Symphony and Rheinlegenchen.

     
 PRINTED ARRANGEMENT FOR TWO PIANOS
PT2p41 FIRST EDITION – Leipzig: Hofmeister, 1896
   

Title Page: [see facsimile; black on off-white:] SYMPHONIE / in C-moll / No. 2. / von / Gustav Mahler. / [divider] / Für zwei Claviere zu vier Händen gesetzt / von / HERMANN BEHN. / Preis M 6._n. / Eigenthum des Componisten. [divider] Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / Hieraus einzeln: Theil IV Urlicht. Für Pianoforte zu 2 Händen Preis M 1._n. / [rule] / Commissionsverlag / von / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER, LEIPZIG. / Copyright 1896 by Friedrich Hofmeister. / Lith.Anst.v. C.G.Röder,Leipzig.

    

Wrapper: front wrapper text is identical to that of the tp: black on brown card; back wrapper: blank

    

Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=Besetzung des Werkes; 3–38=I; 39–57=II; 58–88=III; 89–93=IV; 94–153=V; [154]=blank

    

Dimensions: 332½ x 265 (r = 215)

    Watermark: CGR Graphic: star shape  4
    Printer: Lith.Anst.v. C.G.Röder, Leipzig. [title page]
    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: xii.1895

    

Edition number: none    Plate number: 3

    

Copies: D-B DMS 239 320, Km 57; A-Wigmg N/II/33; F-Pgm; GB-Lbl h.3965.o; GB-Lpc; US-NYp *MYD; D-B Mus Km 57 [not seen]

    

This impressive arrangement was prepared by one of Mahler's Hamburg friends and admirers, Herman Behn, who contributes a short note on his approach to the task on p. [2]. As in PV1 abbreviations are used throughout to indicate the orchestration, and a key to them provided on p. [2]. This publication is also historically significant as it accurately reflects the text of the Symphony as it was in the summer-autumn of 1895, before the first performance, so transmitted readings which were eventually superseded. The most striking of these is a countermelody in the second movement which Mahler removed before the publication of the full score, but which is nevertheless reproduced in at least two early commentaries on the work, presumably because the authors were using Behn's transcription (which was not revised in any of the later printings) as their source (click here for details).

The manuscript of Behn's arrangement has not been located: he must have been working from AF2 for the last two movements (and seems to have annotated the score of the finale while doing so), but for the first three movements used ACF1 and AO (which he also annotated), and in the later stages (perhaps while the arrangement was at proof stage) must also have consulted ACF2 (not least to gain access to the final version of the opening of the scherzo. According to J.B. Foerster (JBFDP, 407; for the text of the passage, see ACF1), Behn decided to prepare his two-piano transcription at the run-through of the first three movements in Hamburg in January 1895, but he seems to have done so without telling Mahler, who in September 1895 wrote to their mutual friend Arnold Berliner (GMB, 136–7; GMSL, 165–6.):

Daß Behn einen 2 klavierigen Auszug meiner Symphonien gemacht hat, wird er Ihnen schon selbst geschrieben haben. Er ist ganz vorzüglich und soll sofort auf B. Kosten gedruckt werden. Nun klärt sich also sein plötzlich eingetretenes und so lange anhaltendes Stillschweigen aufs schönste auf.

Behn will already have written to you to tell you that he has done a two-piano reduction of my symphony. I find it first rate, and it is going to be published at once at B.'s expense. Now his sudden and long-lasting silence is most pleasantly explained.

It was probably in late August that Mahler was told of Behn's plan to subsidise both the publication of the arrangement and that he and Wilhelm Berkhan were willing to subsidise the work's first complete performance (in December 1895). In an undated letter (which must be referring to Mahler's return from his vacation, via Berlin, where he had discussed the première with the agent Hermann Wolf – see HLG1, 332) Mahler wrote to his sister Justine (GMLJ, 503; GMLJE, 369):

Ich komme morgen Nachmittag circa 3 Uhr an.

Behn kommt mit – er hat mir eine große Überraschung bereitet, ich soll aber noch nichts davon sagen.

I arrive tomorrow afternoon around 3 o'clock.

Behn is coming with me – he had a big surprise for me; but I am not yet supposed to say anything about it.

How Behn could have had access to one of the manuscript scores without Mahler being aware of it, remains unclear, but once Mahler was told about the arrangement, events moved rapidly and he was soon reading and correcting proofs. Exactly when is not clear.  In a letter to Behn dated 12 September 1895 (GMUBE2, 3–4), Mahler wrote

I have just received proofs from Röder. I find that they leave nothing to be desired.. - Just imagine, this is my first day without an evening engagement. It is really too much....I look forward to receiving the first [sic] proofs. Röder should not send too much at one time, but rather smaller instalments as they get ready.

However, Mahler was conducting Siegfried that evening so either he or the transcriber has made an error over the date: he was free on the 9th, 10th and 13th of the month (see GSGMOH, 300–21). On the other hand, in a letter to Behn dated 'mid-October' by the editor, Herta Blaukopf, Mahler instructs 'Have the proofs sent to me, so that I can work on them for you.' Blaukopf plausibly identifies these as proofs of the two-piano arrangement (GMUB, 24–5 GMUBE, 26–7), but since the letter earlier discusses the printing of the piano and voice version of Urlicht it seems at least possible that one or both references is/are to the proofs of the song.

The ‘6’ in the title page date of the two piano arrangement has clearly been modified (perhaps on the transfer sheet or the stone, rather than on the plate) but the copyright date is given as 1895 on p. 3, suggesting that publication was delayed briefly, until early in the new year.

    
APT2p41  

PRINTED ARRANGEMENT FOR TWO PIANOS WITH AUTOGRAPH INSCRIPTION

    Ex coll. Frau Carmen Weingartner-Studer (current location unknown, copy at A-Wigmg).
    

The inscription reads Meinem Lieben und hochverehrten Freunde der „Gönner”, Könner und Kenner Meister Felix [Weingartner] in unentwegte Treue

    
PT2p41a  FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE – Vienna: [Eberle]/Weinberger, [before 1900]
   

Title Page: [See facsimile; brown text with brown decorative border:] SYMPHONIE / IN / C MOLL No 2 / von / Gustav Mahler / [left:] Partitur...Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 36.- over Fl. 21.- netto / Orchester-Stimmen Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.45.- over Fl. 27.- netto // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4 ms. / arrangirt v. Bruno Walter Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.8.-Pf. over Fl. 4.80kr. netto. // Clavierauszug für 2 Claviere zu 4 Händen v. Hermann Behn Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 6.-Pf. over Fl. 3.60kr. netto / (zur Ausführung sind 2 Exemplare erforderlich.) / Einzeln: Theil IV: Urlicht für Altsolo mit Clavierbegleitung Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.1.- Pf. over Fl. -.80kr. netto / [rule] / 2083 / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements / JOSEPH WEINBERGER. / WIEN / Kohlmarkt 8 / [rule] / [left:] Leipzig / Querstrasse No.13 / [rule] // [right:] Paris / 40 Boulevard Haussmann / [rule] // Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien VII.

    

Wrapper: ?

    

Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=Besetzung des Werkes; 3–38=I; 39–57=II; 58–88=III; 89–93=IV; 94–153=V; [154]=blank

    

Dimensions: 327 ´ 264 (r = 214)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: no entry

    

Edition number: none    Plate number: 3

    

Copies: none located, but see next entry.

    

The currency used for the Austrian prices – Gulden/Florins – which ceased to be legal tender in 1900 provides a terminus ante quem for the publication date.

There is strong evidence that the first entry for this publication in the UE Verlagsbuch refers to the transfer of 222 copies of unsold stock of the second issue, not a printing of the fourth (i.e. PT2p41c): the entry does not include details of a print order, only copies received, and similar entries were made on the same date for all the other Mahler publications that passed from Eberle into UE ownership. This suggests the stock was the remnant of a print run of 250–300 copies.

 

PT2p41b  FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1910]
    Copies: CDN-Lu Mahler-Rosé Collection S3-MD-812 (ex coll. Alfred Rosé; bound copy, with no wrappers)
    

A copy of PT2p41a with a UNIVERSAL-EDITION sticker pasted over the publisher's imprint. These were presumably added to the remaining stock copies of the arrangement when the arrangement was acquired by UE, along with other Eberle/Weinberger Mahler publications, in 1910.

This was an unaltered re-issue of the first edition by Hofmeister.

     
PT2p41c  FIRST EDITION, FOURTH ISSUE – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1914]
   

Title Page: [See facsimile (late issue). Black, within orange border:] ZWEITE SYMPHONIE / C MOLL / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / CLAVIERAUSZUG FÜR ZWEI KLAVIERE / ZU VIER HÄNDEN / VON / HERMANN BEHN / [in shield:] / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / DROITS D'ÉXÉCUTIONS RÉSERVÉS. / “UNIVERSAL EDITION / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG.

    

Wrapper: [light green paper with lilac decorative border, text in black:] •UNIVERSAL-EDITION• / No 2937 / Gustav Mahler / II. Symphonie / Do Mineur C Moll C Minor / 2 pianos à 4 mains / H. Behn

    

Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=Besetzung des Werkes; 3–38=I; 39–57=II; 58–88=III; 89–93=IV; 94–153=V; [154]=blank

    

Dimensions: 332½ x 265 (r = 215)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: no entry

    

Edition number: 2937    Plate number: [p. 2:] U.E. 2933, [p. 3ff.:] U.E. 2937

    Print ordered: 03.10.1914    Copies received: 02.12.1914   Print run: 199
    

Copies: A-Wst M32094; D-B Mus Km 57/1 (not seen); F-Pgm (not seen)

    

This was an unaltered re-issue of the first edition by Hofmeister.

There is strong evidence that the first entry in the UE Verlagsbuch refers to the transfer of unsold ex-Eberle/Weinberger copies of the first edition, not a printing of the second: the entry does not include details of a print order, only copies received, and similar entries were made on the same date for all the other Eberle Mahler publications that passed into UE ownership. Printed from the original plates with no revisions. The Verlagsbuch records one further impression of 296 copies delivered in 1922, the last before the Anschluß.

     
 PRINTED ARRANGEMENTS FOR PIANO DUET
PTp41 FIRST EDITION – Vienna: Weinberger, [1899]
   

Title Page: [See facsimile. Brown text with brown decorative border:] SYMPHONIE / IN / C MOLL No 2 / von / Gustav Mahler / [left:] Partitur...Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 36.- over Fl. 21.- netto / Orchester-Stimmen Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.45.- over Fl. 27.- netto // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4 ms. / arrangirt v. Bruno Walter Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.8.-Pf. over Fl. 4.80kr. netto. // Clavierauszug für 2 Claviere zu 4 Händen v. Hermann Behn Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 6.-Pf. over Fl. 3.60Kr netto / (zur Ausführung sind 2 Exemplare erforderlich.) / Einzeln: Theil IV: Urlicht für Altsolo mit Clavierbegleitung Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 1.-Pf. over Fl. -.80kr. netto / [rule] / 2083 / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements / JOSEPH WEINBERGER. / WIEN / Kohlmarkt 8 / [rule] / [left:] Leipzig / Querstrasse No.13 / [rule] // [right:] Paris / 40 Boulevard Haussmann / [rule] // Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien VII.

    

Wrapper: [Brown text on mottled light green paper:] SYMPHONIE / IN / C MOLL No 2 / von / Gustav Mahler / [left:] Partitur...Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 36.- over Fl. 21.- netto / Orchester-Stimmen Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.45.- over Fl. 27.- netto // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4 ms. / arrangirt v. Bruno Walter Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk.8.-Pf over Fl. 4.80kr. netto. // Clavierauszug für 2 Claviere zu 4 Händen v. Hermann Behn Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 6.-Pf. over Fl. 3.60kr. netto / (zur Ausführung sind 2 Exemplare erforderlich.) / Einzeln: Theil IV: Urlicht für Altsolo mit Clavierbegleitung Graphic: image showing double pricing: Mk. 1.-Pf. over Fl. -.80kr. netto / [rule] / 2083 / Mit Unterstüzung der Gesellschaft zur Föderung / deutscher Wissenschaft, Kunst und Literature / in Böhmen. / [short rule] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements / JOSEF WEINBERGER· / WIEN / Kohlmarkt 8 / [rule] / [left:] Leipzig / Querstrasse No.13 / [rule] // [right:] Paris / 40 Boulevard Haussmann. / [rule] // Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien VII.

    

Analysis: [1]= tp; 2–27=I; 28–41=II; 42–61=III; 62–65=IV; 66–95=V; [96]=blank

    

Dimensions: 325 x 255 (r = 193½)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: i.1899

    

Edition number: none    Plate number: 5

    

Copies: A-Wn M.S. 67478 (=Anna Bahr-Mildenburg's copy); GB-Lbl h.3965.g; GB-Lpc; D-B Mus Km 56 [not seen]

    

The manuscript for this arrangement survives – CTp4. Preliminary inspection suggests that Walter may have relied quite heavily on the Behn transcription (PT2p4) rather than PF1. The printed edition follows Walter's manuscript and seems not to have been collated with the printed full score.

    
APTp41  

PRINTED ARRANGEMENT FOR PIANO DUET WITH AUTOGRAPH INSCRIPTION

    CDN-Lu Mahler-Rosé Collection S3-MD-811 (ex coll. Alfred Rosé)
    

The inscription on front wrapper reads Meinem lieben Freunde Arnold / Dezember 1890 [sic] / Gustav Mahler. The copy contains no annotations

    
     
PTp41a  FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1906]
    Copies: A-Wst M. 49355 (ex coll. Maria [...], received by her on 9 August 1917); US-NYp *MYD
    

A copy of PTp41 with a UNIVERSAL-EDITION sticker pasted over the publisher's imprint. These were presumably added to the remaining stock copies of the arrangement when the arrangement was 'In die Universal-Edition aufgenommen'  in 1906, though other scenarios are possible.

     
PTp41b  FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE – Vienna: [Eberle]/Weinberger/Universal-Edition, [1906]
   

Title Page: [See facsimile; black, within orange border:] ZWEITE / SYMPHONIE / IN C MOLL / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER. / KLAVIERAUSZUG ZU VIER HÄNDEN / ARRANGIERT / VON / BRUNO WALTER. / [in lower shield:] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / JOSEF WEINBERGER / .WIEN.LEIPZIG.PARIS. / [below border, in orange:] Lith.v.Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien. / [black:] IN DIE „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” AUFGENOMMEN. / [left:] BUDAPEST / RÓZSAVÖLGYI ÉS TÁRSÁNÁL // [rule] / POZSONY / STAMPFEL KÁROLYNÁL // [centre:] FÜR DEUTSCHLAND BEI / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER / LEIPZIG. // [right:] SOLE AGENTS FOR / GREAT BRITAIN AND THE COLONIES / LONDON / E. ASCHERBERG & CO. / 46, BERNERS STREET W.

    

Wrapper:  [see facsimiles of the front and back wrappers]

    

Analysis: [1]= tp; 2–27=I; 28–41=II; 42–61=III; 62–65=IV; 66–95=V; [96]=blank

    

Dimensions: 325 x 255 (r = 193½)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: i.1906

    

Edition number: 949   Plate number: 5

    

Print ordered: 09.11.1906    Copies received: 10.11.1906   Print run: 155

    

Copies: GB-Lpc; D-B Mus Km 56/1 [not seen]

    

The dating of these copies is conjectural, their retention of the original plate number suggesting an earlier, rather than a later date, as do the relatively early edition numbers in the advert on the back wrapper. According to the UE Verlagsbuch there was only one further impression between 1906 and 1910 (when UE took over the rights entirely from J. Eberle & Co.): a print run of 200 copies ordered and delivered in December 1909. No copies of this impressions have been identified: the name and address give for the London agency on the title page may have been altered as in 1907 these changed to Ascherberg, Hopwood & Crew, at 16 Mortimer Street (JPVMP, 12).

     
PTp42  SECOND EDITION – Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1911
   

Title Page: [Black, within orange border:] ZWEITE SYMPHONIE / IN C MOLL / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / KLAVIERAUSZUG ZU VIER HÄNDEN / ARRANGIERT / VON / BRUNO WALTER. / [in lower shield:] AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHLATEN / DROITS DÉXÉCUTION RÉSERVÉS / “UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHFT / WIEN.-LEIPZIG.

    

Wrappers: [Front: light green within green grey with lilac decorative border:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / No 949 / GUSTAV MAHLER / II SYMPHONIE / DO MINEUR CMOLL CMINOR / KLAVIER ZU 4 HÄNDEN / POUR PIANO à 4 M/S PIANO DUET / [In bottom shield] BRUNO WALTER [adverts on back wrapper dated ix.1911]

    

Analysis: [1]= tp; [2]–27=I; 28–41=II; 42–61=III; 62–65=IV; 66–95=V; [96]=blank

    

Dimensions: 302½ x 227 (r = 195½)

    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: no entry

    

Edition number: 949   Plate number: 949

    

Print ordered: 21.09.1911   Copies received: 06.10.1911   Print run: 500

    

Copies: US-Wc M209.M22.2

    

A welcome example of a copy that can be unequivocally associated with an entry in the UE Verlagsbuch, the first after 1909. This exemplar also confirms that Universal Edition advert dates are a potentially useful method of dating copies. In this issue the plate number has been changed and some revisions incorporated (e.g. descriptive titles in movement V removed) but many passages remain unaltered (e.g. movement I, bb. 384–7).

The Verlagsbuch records a further four impressions up to May 1926 (the last before the Anschluss), in total an additional 3000 copies.

  
 PRINTED ARRANGEMENT FOR EIGHT HANDS
PT2p8 FIRST EDITION  – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1914]
   

Title Page: [Black, within orange border:] ZWEITE / SYMPHONIE / C MOLL / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / KLAVIERAUSZUG FÜR 2 KLAVIERE ZU 8 HÄNDEN / ARRANGIERT / VON / HEINRICH VON BOCKLET / [scroll] / [lower shield:] AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / DROITS D'ÉXÉCUTION RÉSERVÉS / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG / COPYRIGHT 1914 BY UNIVERSAL-EDITION

    

Wrappers: [Front; black text within standard violet border on green:] [upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield:] No 3638 [vol. II: 3638a ] / [main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / II. SYMPHONIE / DO MINEUR C MOLL C MINOR / 2 KLAVIERE ZU 8 HÄNDEN / 2 PIANOS À 8 MAINS 2 PIANOS FOR 8 HANDS / PIANO I [II] / [bottom shield:] H. VON BOCKLET

    

Analysis:

Vol I: [1]=tp; 2–33=I; 34–47=II; 48–71=III; 72–75=IV; 76–109=V; [110]=blank

Vol II: [1]=tp; 2–25=I; 26–37=II; 38–55=III; 56–59=IV; 60–91=V; [92]=blank

    

Dimensions: 305½ x 234 (r = 172 (vol. 1)/185½ (vol. 2))

    Watermark none
    Printer: none indentified
    

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

    

Hofmeister: vi.1914

    

Edition number: 3638/3638a   Plate number: U.E. 3638/U.E. 3638a

    

Print ordered: 09.05.1914   Copies received: 07.11.1914   Print run: 201

    

Copies: A-Wn MS 4672; F-Pgm (vol. I only, to which the front wrapper (only) for vol. II has been erroneously attached); US-Wc M216.M2B5 (adverts dated v.1914, and copies date stamped 6.vii.1914); US-CIp M6.495 fM214sy2 v.01; M6.495 fM214sy2 v.02 [not seen]

    

According to Natalie Bauer-Lechner this arrangement was completed at least fifteen years before it was published, and was played to Mahler on the morning of 12 November 1899 (NBL, 132; NBLE, 141). Bocklet taught music at the k.k. Lehrer- und Lehrerinnenbildungschule in Vienna 1878-87 and thereafter was active as a private teacher of piano ensemble playing (i.e. 8 hands at two pianos) (RM11, 191).

This arrangement has never been reprinted.

     
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© 2007 Paul Banks  |  This page was lasted edited on 25 September 2010